Until the 1980’s the education of preschool and primary school teachers took place in two-year teacher-training institutes, the so-called Schools of Preschool Teachers and Pedagogic Academies respectively. However, in 1982 four-year higher education programs were established with the aim of a scientifically-based training of teachers. Greece was, in fact, one of the first countries in Europe to undertake such a reform of teacher training, moreover at a time of an in-depth curriculum reconstruction of primary and secondary education.
The structure and function of education faculties in Greek universities were delineated by Law 1268/82 (article 1, paragraph 2) and Presidential Decree 320/83 (article 2). Four aims were set out: a) cultivating the educational sciences through theoretical and applied research and teaching, b) offering training for a scientific or a professional teacher’s career, c) contributing to the improvement of education and its pedagogigal needs, d) contributing to solutions of pedagogical problems. The earliest Faculties of Education were established at the Universities of Athens, Thessaloniki, Patra, Ioannina and Crete in the academic year 1984-1985 and were subsequently expanded. More particularly, the Faculty of Education for Preschool Teachers was established at the University of Athens in the academic year 1987-1988 bearing its first graduates in 1991. In 1997 it was, however, renamed Faculty of Early Childhood Education (FECE). While traditionally connected with preschool education, it is now oriented to the early years of schooling, as the second year of kindergarten has become compulsory.
A 2013 a School of Education was established an the University of Athens, with the FECE placed alongside the related Faculty of Primary Education.